Manuel  J.  Fernandez,  Jr.
  Rank, Service
Major O-4,  U.S. Air Force
  Veteran of:
U.S. Army Air Forces 1943-1947
U.S. Air Force 1947-1963
World War II 1943-1945
Cold War 1945-1963
Berlin Airlift 1948-1949
Korean War 1952-1953

Pete Fernandez was born on April 19, 1925, in Key West, Florida. He enlisted in the U.S. Army Air Corps on February 23, 1943, and entered the Aviation Cadet Program on November 5, 1943. He was commissioned a 2LT and awarded his pilot wings on November 20, 1944, and served as an instructor pilot in Midland, Texas, until January 1946. Fernandez next served with the 2112th Service Unit at San Jose, Guatemala, and then at Albrook Field, Panama, until November 1946. He transferred to the 23rd Fighter Squadron at Howard Field, Panama, in November 1946, and served with that unit until May 1949. During this time, his squadron deployed to Germany in support of the Berlin Airlift. He then served as an instructor pilot at Nellis AFB, Nevada, until July 1952, when he transferred to Randolph AFB, Texas. Fernandez next served with the 334th Fighter Interceptor Squadron of the 4th Fighter Interceptor Group in Korea from September 1952 to August 1953, where he was credited with destroying 14.5 enemy aircraft in aerial combat, making him the 3rd highest scoring American ace of the Korean War. He served with 9th Air Force at Pope AFB, North Carolina, from August to September 1953, and then served with a series of fighter squadrons at George AFB, California, from November 1953 to October 1956. During this time, he won the Bendix Trophy Race in August 1956. Maj Fernandez served at Edwards AFB, California, from October 1956 to April 1957, and then served as an Air Force Recruiter at Coral Gables, Florida, and then Robins AFB, Georgia, from April 1957 to January 1960. After attending Spanish Language School, he served as an Advisor to the Argentine Air Force at Buenos Aires, Argentina, from August 1960 until his retirement from the Air Force on July 1, 1963. After his retirement, Pete flew missions for the Central Intelligence Agency and later for the South Florida Drug Interdiction Task Force. He died in a plane crash on October 18, 1980, and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

His Distinguished Service Cross Citation reads:

The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Manuel J. Fernandez, Jr., Captain, U.S. Air Force, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as a Pilot with the 334th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing, FIFTH Air Force, in action against enemy forces in the Republic of Korea on 21 March 1953. During a fighter swoop over North Korea, Captain Fernandez sighted a flight of thirty MIGs, and attempted to release his external fuel tanks in preparation for battle. However, one of the tanks failed to release, impairing the maneuverability of his aircraft. However, despite this handicap, he fearlessly initiated a fierce attack on the last two MIGs in the enemy formation. Closing to twelve hundred feet, he opened fire on one MIG, scoring hits on the fuselage and wing. As he was closing again, the other MIG attached him; however, by a skillfully executed maneuver, he gained tactical advantage over the attacker, and his bursts scored hits which caused the enemy pilot to eject himself from the uncontrollable aircraft. Captain Fernandez then turned again to his initial adversary and, closing dangerously to one hundred and fifty feet, fired several bursts which caused the MIG to burst into flame and go spinning to earth. Captain Fernandez's outstanding flying skill and extraordinary courage in attacking this greatly superior number of enemy aircraft despite the hindrance to maneuverability enabled him to completely destroy two enemy aircraft.


Capt Fernandez with his F-86 Sabre during the Korean War.



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